ASP.NET introduced nearly in October 2007 by Microsoft as a new Revolutionary Technology for web development. It is based on core ASP.NET platform as a direct competitor of latest technologies such as Ruby rails and the upgrade version of webforms. MVC pattern overcame the webforms limitations and get back ASP.NET in cutting edge web development.
It is very important to understand the difference between MVC architecture pattern and ASP.NET MVC framework. I would like to add that MVC is a not a newly introduced pattern of development. It was introduced in 1978 in the “Smalltalk project at Xerox PARC“. But now it get a lot of popularity as a pattern for web development and Enterprise application.
Why MVC is popular?
1 – MVC pattern is based on natural cycle of interaction. User perform any action and in the reaction application manipulate the data and change the interface of the user. So on this cycle is repeated again and again to engage the user. This is the most convenient approach for the web application to deliver iterative responses to the user upon their request.
2 – Web applications are based on multiple Technologies which are isolated as a layer or independent tiers. MVC automatically adjust according to these layer. Such as model contain data, view contain the interface and controller manipulate the both.
MVC is just a pattern which is used in ASP.NET MVC framework to improve the concept “separation of concerns”. In which each and every layer is independent. Even that in ASP.NET MVC there are multiple MVC patterns are used to enhance its stability and concurrency of application.
Utilizing ASP.NET MVC in your application development its become the direct competitor to “ruby On Rails” and similar platforms. By experimentation and the perspective of web developers ASP.NET introduced many things which are beyond the scope of Ruby and rails.
Dot Net MVC Framework is developed upon multiple isolated component which are based on abstract classes. You can easily modify replace and extent the existing components such as the view engine, routing system, and Controller factory. MVC Framework provide you in general three option for each component.
- Use the default implementation which is enough for a beginner.
- Drive a subclass and extend its feature.
- Replace the existing component with an entirely new implementation upon your own interfaces and abstract classes.
HTML and HTTP Control
ASP.NET MVC develop clean and standard compliant markup of HTML with its razor syntax. Instead of writing lines of HTML code it’s built in HTML helper classes provide you the strong grip upon elegant markup style.
You don’t need to worry about the other components such as jQuery and bootstrap they will never get conflicted with the ASP.NET built in HTML helper classes. You can easily in hands any helper with the usage of HTML attribute.
By default ASP.NET MVC pages does not contain any view state data which will make it more faster than the conventional web-forms. ASP.NET MVC absolutely work fine with http requests and give you control over the passage of information between browser to server.
The Great edge of using ASP .NET MVC for your application is that it is really easy to maintain and test the application into independent piece of code. Dotnet provide multiple testing frameworks to unit test your application and mock the scenarios.
If you are Beginner and don’t know how to add unit testing Framework in your application then Visual Studio by default provide you this feature to extend your new project with unit testing Framework which is by default Nunit and xUnit.
Later I will explain how to write clean unit test code for the controllers and actions to pass mock data and check the implementation.
Remember one thing that testing is not about just unit testing it’s also about the UI automation testing in which ASP .NET MVC play an important role. You can write multiple scenario in script to automate the user interaction upon your application and simulate multiple scenario which can affect the interaction of user.